Often asked: In The Lutheran Church , What Is The Weekly Hymn Called?

Is a chorale is a hymn tune associated with German Lutherans?

A chorale is a hymn tune associated with the followers of Martin Luther. Chorales were intended to be sung by a trained choir. In Wachet auf, Bach presents the chorale melody in only one movement.

What is the principal element of a fugue?

Most fugues open with a short main theme, the subject, which then sounds successively in each voice (after the first voice is finished stating the subject, a second voice repeats the subject at a different pitch, and other voices repeat in the same way); when each voice has entered, the exposition is complete.

What are the commonly accepted dates for the Baroque period?

Derived from the Portuguese barroco, or “oddly shaped pearl,” the term “ baroque ” has been widely used since the nineteenth century to describe the period in Western European art music from about 1600 to 1750.

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Which composer is the culminating figure of the Baroque musical style?

During his lifetime, Johann Sebastian Bach was known primarily as a great organist. J. S. Bach is the culminating figure of the Baroque style and one of the giants in the history of Western music.

What historical period is Chorale belong?

The chorale originated when Martin Luther translated sacred songs into the vernacular language (German), contrary to the established practice of church music near the end of the first quarter of the 16th century.

What is the difference between cantata and oratorio?

Oratorios are usually more dramatic. Think of them as operas with no sceneries and costumes. Cantatas were usually performed in religious settings (such as part of a service or special church events), compared to Oratorios were performed in concert setting.

What is a triple fugue?

: a musical fugue (see fugue entry 1 sense 1b) in which three subjects (see subject entry 1 sense 3f) are treated both separately and simultaneously.

How do you identify a fugue?

A fugue begins with the exposition of its subject in one of the voices alone in the tonic key. After the statement of the subject, a second voice enters and states the subject with the subject transposed to another key (usually the dominant or subdominant), which is known as the answer.

What is a fugue Bach?

The Oxford Dictionary’s definition of a fugue is: a polyphonic composition in which a short melodic theme, the subject, is introduced by one part or voice, and successively taken up by the others and developed by their interweaving.

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What is the most important achievement of baroque music?

The single most important achievement of baroque music is the invention of cantata ​

What does Baroque mean?

Baroque came to English from a French word meaning “irregularly shaped.” At first, the word in French was used mostly to refer to pearls. Eventually, it came to describe an extravagant style of art characterized by curving lines, gilt, and gold.

Who are the two most important composers of the late Baroque period?

In Western classical music the Late Baroque era, the last section of the Baroque Era, extends from the 1680s to around 1750 CE. The famous composers of this time period are Vivaldi, Telemann, Handel and Bach.

Why was the term Baroque originally used in a derogatory way?

The term ” Baroque ” was initially used with a derogatory meaning, to underline the excesses of its emphasis, of its eccentric redundancy, its noisy abundance of details, as opposed to the clearer and sober rationality of the Renaissance.

What best characterizes the Baroque musical style?

The Baroque style is characterized by exaggerated motion and clear detail used to produce drama, exuberance, and grandeur in sculpture, painting, architecture, literature, dance, and music.

What is Baroque philosophy?

Another interesting characteristic of philosophy of the Baroque is the fact that most of the problems it was concerned with, it considered from the wider religious-theological perspective, while using the central idea of God as a tool for asking posing and solving metaphysical, cognitive and anthropological questions.

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