How Did The Lutheran Chorale Answer The Call For Change?

What is the role of the chorale in the Lutheran service?

A Lutheran chorale is a musical setting of a Lutheran hymn, intended to be sung by a congregation in a German Protestant Church service. The typical four-part setting of a chorale, in which the sopranos (and the congregation) sing the melody along with three lower voices, is known as a chorale harmonization.

Where did the Lutheran chorale tradition begin?

The chorale originated when Martin Luther translated sacred songs into the vernacular language (German), contrary to the established practice of church music near the end of the first quarter of the 16th century. The first hymnals according to Luther’s new method were published in 1524.

What is the chorales of the Baroque period?

In music, a chorale prelude or chorale setting is a short liturgical composition for organ using a chorale tune as its basis. It was a predominant style of the German Baroque era and reached its culmination in the works of J.S.

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How did Martin Luther believed music should be used in religious service?

Not only did Luther like and enjoy music, as he was a rather Page 3 Carolyn Ticker accomplished musician himself, but he deliberately included music as part of the church service as a means for worship. He believed strongly in the ethical power of music and that through it one could glorify God and grow closer to Him.

What is the difference between a cantata and a chorale?

Cantatas are usually much shorter in length. 2. Oratorios are usually more dramatic. Cantatas were usually performed in religious settings (such as part of a service or special church events), compared to Oratorios were performed in concert setting.

What is chorale style?

The chorale style of playing triads is the consideration of the tones of a triad to be voice parts – soprano, alto, tenor, and bass. A triad consists of three notes – a root, third, and fifth. However, considering that there are four voice parts, the chorale style features four note triads – one note for each voice.

What is a Bach chorale?

Bach’s arrangements of hymn tunes found their way into cantatas, organ preludes, motets and other pieces. A chorale is usually a simple and catchy melody to which a hymn is sung by soprano singers with a congregation, while the three lower voices provide the harmony.

What is Chorale Trio?

Chorale trio, an organ piece played on two manuals and pedals, incorporating a chorale melody either as a cantus firmus played on one of the keyboards or as the basis for free development.

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What is a German chorale?

A chorale is a melody to which a hymn is sung by a congregation in a German Protestant Church service. The typical four-part setting of a chorale, in which the sopranos (and the congregation) sing the melody along with three lower voices, is known as a chorale harmonization.

How long is a chorale?

For a full evening concert, I usually work on a structure of two 45-minute sets with a 15 – 20 minute interval. The second half I make shorter than the first, but allow for an encore. However, I do know some choirs who do as little as two 30-minute sets, or even a single half of just 45 minutes.

What is Chorale of the present time?

In modern times the chorale is considered to be a musical setting, usually polyphonic, of a traditional religious text. The melody may be either a traditional tune, such as a hymn, or composed especially for the text. Alternatively, a chorale may set a traditional text in a traditional tune.

What historical period is oratorio?

The golden age of oratorio: 1600–c. 1750.

Did Martin Luther write any hymns?

His passionate beliefs led Luther to write both words and music for several hymns, including ” A Mighty Fortress is Our God.” Luther’s first hymnal was published in 1524. It contained eight hymns, four written by himself. Later hymnals were also published for congregational use.

What did Martin Luther say about music?

Luther himself stated that both music and lyrics should “grow out of the true mother tongue.” Ein Feste Burg (A Mighty Fortress) is typical of his rousing simplicity: Our God is a mighty fortress, A trusty shield and weapon! Songs like this stiffened the hearts of Luther and his friends.

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What impact did Martin Luther have on music?

Martin Luther not only reformed the Church 500 years ago, but also discovered the power of music as a songwriter and composer. His chorales gave churchgoers a voice and helped spread the ideas of the Reformation.

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