- 1 What Lutheran pastor started the Pietist movement in Germany?
- 2 Who was the best known evangelist of the Great Awakening?
- 3 Who is considered the father of pietism?
- 4 What did Lutherans believe?
- 5 What was the First and Second Great Awakening?
- 6 What caused the first great awakening?
- 7 Why did America need a great awakening?
- 8 Who led the Social Gospel?
- 9 What does pietism mean in history?
- 10 What version of the Bible do Lutherans use?
- 11 Do Lutherans make the sign of the cross?
- 12 Do Lutherans believe in saints?
What Lutheran pastor started the Pietist movement in Germany?
Pietism originated in modern Germany in the late 17th century with the work of Philipp Spener, a Lutheran theologian whose emphasis on personal transformation through spiritual rebirth and renewal, individual devotion, and piety laid the foundations for the movement.
Who was the best known evangelist of the Great Awakening?
Image credit: Figure 1 in “Great Awakening and Enlightenment” by OpenStaxCollege, CC BY 4.0. The foremost evangelical of the Great Awakening was an Anglican minister named George Whitefield (pronounced “whit-field”).
Who is considered the father of pietism?
Arndt’s major work, The Four Books of True Christianity (1605–09), was a guide to the meditative and devotional life. Arndt has been called the father of Pietism because of his influence on those who later developed the movement.
What did Lutherans believe?
Lutherans believe that humans are saved from their sins by God’s grace alone ( Sola Gratia ), through faith alone ( Sola Fide ), on the basis of Scripture alone ( Sola Scriptura ). Orthodox Lutheran theology holds that God made the world, including humanity, perfect, holy and sinless.
What was the First and Second Great Awakening?
Key Facts & Summary. The second great awakening was a period of religious revival that encourages individuals to pursue the knowledge of God and self. The second great awakening contradicted the assertion of the first great awakening during which the doctrine of predestination was introduced and taught.
What caused the first great awakening?
First Great Awakening Christians were feeling complacent with their methods of worship, and some were disillusioned with how wealth and rationalism were dominating culture. Many began to crave a return to religious piety. Around this time, the 13 colonies were religiously divided.
Why did America need a great awakening?
Why did America need a “Great Awakening “? It needed a Great Awakening because the churches were becoming lifeless and going farther away from God’s will. He is remembered for being one of America’s foremost theologians and as one of the greatest intellects our nation has ever produced.
Who led the Social Gospel?
Consequently, social gospel leaders supported legislation for an eight-hour work day, the abolition of child labor and government regulation of business monopolies. While the social gospel produced many important figures, its most influential leader was a Baptist minister, Walter Rauschenbusch.
What does pietism mean in history?
1 capitalized: a 17th century religious movement originating in Germany in reaction to formalism and intellectualism and stressing Bible study and personal religious experience. 2a: emphasis on devotional experience and practices. b: affectation of devotion.
What version of the Bible do Lutherans use?
The Lutheran body to which I belong, The Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) has a strong preference for the New Revised Standard Version (NRSV). Our Liturgical resources all use the NRSV, the Lutheran study Bible we use and the accepted text to use at seminary and I assume the colleges as well is the NRSV.
Do Lutherans make the sign of the cross?
Among Lutherans the practice was widely retained. For example, Luther’s Small Catechism states that it is expected before the morning and evening prayers. ‘” Since then, the sign of the cross has become fairly commonplace among Lutherans at worship. The sign of the cross is now customary in the Divine Service.
Do Lutherans believe in saints?
In the Lutheran Church, all Christians, whether in heaven or on earth, are regarded as saints. Traditional Lutheran belief accounts that prayers to the saints are prohibited, as they are not mediators of redemption. But, Lutherans do believe that saints pray for the Christian Church in general.