- 1 What is Chorale Lutheran?
- 2 Where did chorale tunes come from?
- 3 What are the Bach chorales?
- 4 What are the characteristics of a chorale?
- 5 Is Chorale medieval?
- 6 What kind of period is Chorale?
- 7 How many chorale preludes did Bach?
- 8 What historical period is oratorio?
- 9 Are chorales sung in Latin?
- 10 Why are Bach chorales important?
- 11 What is one of Bach’s best known choral works?
- 12 What is the difference between choral and Chorale?
- 13 What does Chorale mean?
- 14 What is a chorale prelude in music?
What is Chorale Lutheran?
A Lutheran chorale is a musical setting of a Lutheran hymn, intended to be sung by a congregation in a German Protestant Church service. The typical four-part setting of a chorale, in which the sopranos (and the congregation) sing the melody along with three lower voices, is known as a chorale harmonization.
Where did chorale tunes come from?
The chorale originated when Martin Luther translated sacred songs into the vernacular language (German), contrary to the established practice of church music near the end of the first quarter of the 16th century. The first hymnals according to Luther’s new method were published in 1524.
What are the Bach chorales?
Johann Sebastian Bach ‘s chorale harmonisations, alternatively named four-part chorales, are Lutheran hymn settings that characteristically conform to the following:
- four-part harmony.
- SATB vocal forces.
- pre-existing hymn tune allotted to the soprano part.
- text treatment: homophonic.
What are the characteristics of a chorale?
Chorales tend to be simple and singable tunes. The words are often sung to a rhyming scheme and are in a strophic form (the same melody used for different verses). Within a verse, many chorales follow the AAB pattern of melody that is known as the German bar form.
Is Chorale medieval?
A choir (/ˈkwaɪər/; also known as a chorale or chorus ) is a musical ensemble of singers. Choirs may perform music from the classical music repertoire, which spans from the medieval era to the present, or popular music repertoire.
What kind of period is Chorale?
Chorale – A hymn sung by the choir and congregation often in unison. Chorus – A group singing in unison. Classical – The period of music history which dates from the mid 1700’s to mid 1800’s. The music was spare and emotionally reserved, especially when compared to Romantic and Boroque music.
How many chorale preludes did Bach?
Bach, who wrote 46 (with a 47th unfinished) examples of the form in his Orgelbüchlein, along with multiple other works of the type in other collections.
What historical period is oratorio?
The golden age of oratorio: 1600–c. 1750.
Are chorales sung in Latin?
The words of the Lutheran chorales were often Latin hymn texts translated into the vernacular. The melodies were often borrowed from secular song and therefore displayed great melodic and structural simplicity. Martin Luther’s own versions were often more irregular than the polished versions that later predominated.
Why are Bach chorales important?
Hymns and chorales are the best pieces for practicing voicing and cantabile playing. Bach himself wrote that he highly valued the keyboardist’s ability to play in a cantabile or “singing” fashion and that this was the main reason for composing his Inventions and Sinfonias.
What is one of Bach’s best known choral works?
Perhaps the best – known and best -loved of Bach’s cantatas are Wachet auf and Herz und Mund und Tat und Leben (the latter containing the time-honoured chorale often performed in English as ‘Jesu, joy of man’s desiring’).
What is the difference between choral and Chorale?
A chorale is a slow, dignified hymn that employs harmony. In the United States, a chorale is also a choir or chorus of people. Choral is the adjective form of chorale, meaning written for or sung by a chorale or group of singers.
What does Chorale mean?
1: a hymn or psalm sung to a traditional or composed melody in church also: a harmonization of a chorale melody a Bach chorale. 2: chorus, choir. Synonyms More Example Sentences Learn More about chorale.
What is a chorale prelude in music?
Chorale prelude, a short setting for organ of a German Protestant chorale melody, used to introduce congregational singing of the hymn ( chorale ).