What Are Lutheran Hymn Tunes Also Known As?

What is a Bach chorale?

Bach’s arrangements of hymn tunes found their way into cantatas, organ preludes, motets and other pieces. A chorale is usually a simple and catchy melody to which a hymn is sung by soprano singers with a congregation, while the three lower voices provide the harmony.

What is Lutheran music?

A Lutheran chorale is a musical setting of a Lutheran hymn, intended to be sung by a congregation in a German Protestant Church service. The typical four-part setting of a chorale, in which the sopranos (and the congregation) sing the melody along with three lower voices, is known as a chorale harmonization.

What genre provided the Lutheran Church with melodies for chorales?

The words of the Lutheran chorales were often Latin hymn texts translated into the vernacular. The melodies were often borrowed from secular song and therefore displayed great melodic and structural simplicity. Martin Luther’s own versions were often more irregular than the polished versions that later predominated.

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Is Chorale a sacred music?

The chorale originated when Martin Luther translated sacred songs into the vernacular language (German), contrary to the established practice of church music near the end of the first quarter of the 16th century. This music was partially based on established melodies of church hymns and known secular songs.

What is the difference between chorale and chorale prelude?

Chorales also appear in chorale preludes, pieces generally for organ designed to be played immediately before the congregational singing of the hymn. A chorale prelude includes the melody of the chorale, and adds contrapuntal lines.

What is the difference between choral and Chorale?

A chorale is a slow, dignified hymn that employs harmony. In the United States, a chorale is also a choir or chorus of people. Choral is the adjective form of chorale, meaning written for or sung by a chorale or group of singers.

What is a Lutheran Cantata?

A chorale cantata is a church cantata based on a chorale—in this context a Lutheran chorale. It is principally from the German Baroque era. The organizing principle is the words and music of a Lutheran hymn. Usually a chorale cantata includes multiple movements or parts.

Do Lutheran churches have choirs?

Lutheran hymns are sometimes known as chorales. Lutheran hymnody is well known for its doctrinal, didactic, and musical richness. Most Lutheran churches are active musically with choirs, handbell choirs, children’s choirs, and occasionally change ringing groups that ring bells in a bell tower.

Why is Martin Luther important to music history?

Martin Luther not only reformed the Church 500 years ago, but also discovered the power of music as a songwriter and composer. His chorales gave churchgoers a voice and helped spread the ideas of the Reformation.

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What kind of period is Chorale?

Chorale – A hymn sung by the choir and congregation often in unison. Chorus – A group singing in unison. Classical – The period of music history which dates from the mid 1700’s to mid 1800’s. The music was spare and emotionally reserved, especially when compared to Romantic and Boroque music.

What is the difference between cantata and oratorio?

Oratorios are usually more dramatic. Think of them as operas with no sceneries and costumes. Cantatas were usually performed in religious settings (such as part of a service or special church events), compared to Oratorios were performed in concert setting.

What is cantata mean?

Cantata, (from Italian cantare, “to sing”), originally, a musical composition intended to be sung, as opposed to a sonata, a composition played instrumentally; now, loosely, any work for voices and instruments.

What are the examples of sacred music?

Sacred music

  • Machaut, Messe de Notre Dame.
  • Palestrina, Missa assumpta est Maria (Seventh Book of Masses)
  • Mozart, Great Mass in C Minor, K.
  • Rossini, Petite Messe solennelle.
  • Brahms, Johannes: Ein deutsches Requiem (A German Requiem)
  • Monteverdi, Vespro della Beata Vergine (“Vespers for the Blessed Virgin”)

What is a piece of choral music called?

A cantata (from the Italian word “to sing”) is a short piece with a solo vocalist, a choir, and musical accompaniment. One composer closely associated with the cantata is Johann Sebastian Bach (although his works would have been written slightly outside of the Renaissance period).

What is the characteristic of sacred music?

The experience of the sacred is often tied to isolation and solitude, when the mind can be quieted and calmed, and reflective thought begins to kick in. Therefore, in this context, sacred music should ideally reinforce this quietude and reflection. 1. It could be even and smooth, and not be overly rhythmic or driving.

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