Readers ask: The Lutheran Hymn Tunes On Which J. S. Bach Based Many Of His Cantatas Are Called?

How many movements are there in JS Bach’s Cantata?

Scoring and Structure. The cantata in seven movements is scored for three soloists (soprano, tenor, and bass), a four-part choir, horn, two oboes, taille, violino piccolo, two violins, viola, and basso continuo.

For Which church did Bach write his cantatas group of answer choices?

Johann Sebastian Bach wrote most of his cantatas for the Lutheran church.

Who wrote the chorale text and tune on which JS Bach based his Wachet Auf Cantata?

Wachet auf, ruft uns die Stimme (Wake, o wake and hear the voices), Wf XV:2, is a German chorale motet composed around 1780 by Johann Christoph Friedrich Bach, a son of Johann Sebastian Bach. It is based on Philipp Nicolai’s hymn ” Wachet auf, ruft uns die Stimme”.

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Which describes the chorale melody as it is heard in the fourth movement of Bach’s Cantata Wachet auf?

Which describes the chorale melody as it is heard in the fourth movement of Bach’s cantata Wachet Auf? The tenors sing the chorale melody in unison.

How long did Bach stay in jail?

How long was Bach in prison for? Bach was in prison for just under four weeks, and very little is known about what Bach’s prison actually looked like. In reality, the ‘justice room’ in which he was held probably looked more like a comfortable debtors’ prison than a full-on cell.

What is the difference between an oratorio and a cantata?

Oratorios are usually more dramatic. Think of them as operas with no sceneries and costumes. Cantatas were usually performed in religious settings (such as part of a service or special church events), compared to Oratorios were performed in concert setting.

Why are Bach cantatas important?

Bach’s 200 or so surviving sacred cantatas contain some of his greatest music, forged with a consistency of invention and inspiration that comes as close to perfection as it’s possible to achieve. They lie at the heart of his output, capturing an astonishing range of expression and musical styles.

What did Bach call his cantatas?

Bach worked in Weimar from 1708. He composed a secular cantata, Was mir behagt, ist nur die muntre Jagd, BWV 208, in 1713. The composition of cantatas for the Schlosskirche (court chapel) on a regular monthly basis started with his promotion to Konzertmeister in March 1714.

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What is cantata mean?

Cantata, (from Italian cantare, “to sing”), originally, a musical composition intended to be sung, as opposed to a sonata, a composition played instrumentally; now, loosely, any work for voices and instruments.

What key is Bach Cantata 140 in?

Structure and scoring

No. Title Key
1 Wachet auf, ruft uns die Stimme E-flat major
2 Er kommt C minor
3 Wann kommst du, mein Heil? C minor
4 Zion hört die Wächter singen E-flat major

What is a German chorale?

A chorale is a melody to which a hymn is sung by a congregation in a German Protestant Church service. The typical four-part setting of a chorale, in which the sopranos (and the congregation) sing the melody along with three lower voices, is known as a chorale harmonization.

How many movements from Bach’s Cantata No 140 are for chorus?

The famous chorale “Wachet auf” is used in three of the seven movements in Cantata 140. Let’s look at each of those three movements, beginning with the last. Another movement that employs the chorale is the first movement.

Which voices sing the melody in a Lutheran chorale?

A Lutheran chorale is a musical setting of a Lutheran hymn, intended to be sung by a congregation in a German Protestant Church service. The typical four-part setting of a chorale, in which the sopranos (and the congregation) sing the melody along with three lower voices, is known as a chorale harmonization.

Which composer is the culminating figure of the Baroque musical style?

During his lifetime, Johann Sebastian Bach was known primarily as a great organist. J. S. Bach is the culminating figure of the Baroque style and one of the giants in the history of Western music.

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Which of the following describes a chorale?

A chorale is a hymn tune associated with the followers of Martin Luther. Chorales were intended to be sung by a trained choir. In Wachet auf, Bach presents the chorale melody in only one movement.

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