- 1 Which voices sing the melody in a Lutheran chorale?
- 2 What is a chorale cantata in music?
- 3 How many movements are there in JS Bach’s Cantata No 140 Wachet auf?
- 4 What is true of a cantata quizlet?
- 5 What is the difference between chorale and chorale prelude?
- 6 Are chorale texts in German?
- 7 Is cantata staged?
- 8 What is the difference between a cantata and a chorale?
- 9 What is the period of Bach chorale?
- 10 What key is Bach Cantata 140 in?
- 11 What is cantata mean?
- 12 What does Wachet auf mean?
- 13 What are the elements of a cantata?
- 14 Who was Hildegard of Bingen quizlet?
- 15 What are the two most common types of song found in opera?
Which voices sing the melody in a Lutheran chorale?
A Lutheran chorale is a musical setting of a Lutheran hymn, intended to be sung by a congregation in a German Protestant Church service. The typical four-part setting of a chorale, in which the sopranos (and the congregation) sing the melody along with three lower voices, is known as a chorale harmonization.
What is a chorale cantata in music?
Chorale cantata (Ger. A composition generally scored for a combination of voices and instruments and cast in several distinct and relatively independent sections or movements, two or more of which are based on the text (and usually also the melody) of a German chorale.
How many movements are there in JS Bach’s Cantata No 140 Wachet auf?
The famous chorale “Wachet auf” is used in three of the seven movements in Cantata 140. Let’s look at each of those three movements, beginning with the last. Another movement that employs the chorale is the first movement.
What is true of a cantata quizlet?
What is a cantata? An often dramatic musical work for solo voice or choir with instrumental accompaniment (like a small orchestra). Similar to an opera but shorter and has no costumes, stage props, or acting. Cantatas can be sacred or secular.
What is the difference between chorale and chorale prelude?
Chorales also appear in chorale preludes, pieces generally for organ designed to be played immediately before the congregational singing of the hymn. A chorale prelude includes the melody of the chorale, and adds contrapuntal lines.
Are chorale texts in German?
The chorale originated when Martin Luther translated sacred songs into the vernacular language ( German ), contrary to the established practice of church music near the end of the first quarter of the 16th century. The first hymnals according to Luther’s new method were published in 1524.
Is cantata staged?
If someone orchestrates a piano piece, it’s now an orchestral work. If someone stages a cantata, it’s now an opera. A cantata is a cantata and an opera is an opera and a staged cantata is a stage cantata. All are distinct.
What is the difference between a cantata and a chorale?
Cantatas are usually much shorter in length. 2. Oratorios are usually more dramatic. Cantatas were usually performed in religious settings (such as part of a service or special church events), compared to Oratorios were performed in concert setting.
What is the period of Bach chorale?
Most chorale cantatas were written between approximately 1650 and 1750. By far the most famous are by J. S. Bach, especially the cantatas composed in his second annual cycle of cantatas, started in Leipzig in 1724.
What key is Bach Cantata 140 in?
Structure and scoring
|1||Wachet auf, ruft uns die Stimme||E-flat major|
|2||Er kommt||C minor|
|3||Wann kommst du, mein Heil?||C minor|
|4||Zion hört die Wächter singen||E-flat major|
What is cantata mean?
Cantata, (from Italian cantare, “to sing”), originally, a musical composition intended to be sung, as opposed to a sonata, a composition played instrumentally; now, loosely, any work for voices and instruments.
What does Wachet auf mean?
The opening words of this cantata, Wachet auf, which translates as ‘Sleepers Awake’, contains a tune written by a Lutheran pastor called Philipp Nicolai.
What are the elements of a cantata?
One of the great aspects of the cantata is that, although it uses operatic elements (recitative, arias, dialogues, choruses), it is unlike an opera in that the drama is implied and it is spiritual in nature, not intended to be performed on stage with costumes and characters.
Who was Hildegard of Bingen quizlet?
Hildegard was the first female composer, a doctor of the church and a healer.
What are the two most common types of song found in opera?
Traditional opera, often referred to as “number opera,” consists of two modes of singing: recitative, the plot-driving passages sung in a style designed to imitate and emphasize the inflections of speech, and aria (an “air” or formal song ) in which the characters express their emotions in a more structured melodic