FAQ: What Are The Three Types Of Settings For Lutheran Chorle Melodies?

What is choral setting?

Chorale settings refer to a wide variety of musical compositions, almost entirely of Protestant origin, which use a chorale as their basis. A chorale is a simple melody, often based on Gregorian chant, written for congregations to sing hymns. Chorale settings can be vocal, instrumental, or both.

What is a chorale melody?

Introduction. A chorale is a melody to which a hymn is sung by a congregation in a German Protestant Church service. The typical four-part setting of a chorale, in which the sopranos (and the congregation) sing the melody along with three lower voices, is known as a chorale harmonization.

What form does Bach use to set the chorale tune?

Johann Sebastian Bach harmonised hundreds of chorales, typically used at the end of his cantatas and concluding scenes in his Passions. In hisSt Matthew Passion, he set five stanzas of “O Haupt voll Blut und Wunden” in four different ways.

What period is chorale music?

The chorale originated when Martin Luther translated sacred songs into the vernacular language (German), contrary to the established practice of church music near the end of the first quarter of the 16th century. The first hymnals according to Luther’s new method were published in 1524.

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What is the difference between choral and Chorale?

A chorale is a slow, dignified hymn that employs harmony. In the United States, a chorale is also a choir or chorus of people. Choral is the adjective form of chorale, meaning written for or sung by a chorale or group of singers.

What is cantata mean?

Cantata, (from Italian cantare, “to sing”), originally, a musical composition intended to be sung, as opposed to a sonata, a composition played instrumentally; now, loosely, any work for voices and instruments.

What is a chorale Bach?

Bach’s arrangements of hymn tunes found their way into cantatas, organ preludes, motets and other pieces. A chorale is usually a simple and catchy melody to which a hymn is sung by soprano singers with a congregation, while the three lower voices provide the harmony.

What is the purpose of a chorale prelude?

Chorale prelude, a short setting for organ of a German Protestant chorale melody, used to introduce congregational singing of the hymn (chorale). It is epitomized by the numerous examples composed by J.S.

Is Chorale medieval?

A choir (/ˈkwaɪər/; also known as a chorale or chorus ) is a musical ensemble of singers. Choirs may perform music from the classical music repertoire, which spans from the medieval era to the present, or popular music repertoire.

How long is a chorale?

For a full evening concert, I usually work on a structure of two 45-minute sets with a 15 – 20 minute interval. The second half I make shorter than the first, but allow for an encore. However, I do know some choirs who do as little as two 30-minute sets, or even a single half of just 45 minutes.

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What describes a chorale?

noun. a hymn, especially one with strong harmonization: a Bach chorale. a group of singers specializing in singing church music; choir.

What historical period is oratorio?

The golden age of oratorio: 1600–c. 1750.

What is a piece of choral music called?

A cantata (from the Italian word “to sing”) is a short piece with a solo vocalist, a choir, and musical accompaniment. One composer closely associated with the cantata is Johann Sebastian Bach (although his works would have been written slightly outside of the Renaissance period).

What is a Baroque cantata?

During the baroque era, the term ” cantata ” generally retained its original Italian usage to describe a secular vocal piece of extended length, often in different sections, and usually Italianate in style. Many secular cantatas were composed for events in the nobility.

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